THE UNDERDOG REPORT: Modern Law and the Bible, Part 3 – Building Codes and the Bible | Joe Hoft

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THE UNDERDOG REPORT: Modern Law and the Bible, Part 3 – Building Codes and the Bible

Modern Law and the Bible, Part 3 – Building Codes and the Bible

Risk, Responsibility, Restitution, Rehabilitation

The UnderDog Says:

Over the last two weeks,[1], [2] we established that risk is unavoidable, and we have been given responsibilities to protect us and others from this risk. We reviewed  God’s respect of personal property in Part 1; and reviewed the overreaching aspects of the Eminent Domain and Unreasonable Search and Seizure in Part 2.  

Regarding Part 2, a popular movie just out on Netflix called “REPTILE’ is about a corrupt police force working with a corrupt real estate agency to plant drugs in expensive houses, seize the house, buy it for a low price, and sell it for a huge profit where the police and Real Estate company split the profits. This is Unreasonable Search and Seizure, and things like this are happening throughout our Country.[3] This law needs to be removed from the books.

We are continuing now with the four aspects of the Jewish law, and we continue in Part 3, with Responsibility.

  1. RISK
  2. RESPONSIBILITY
  3. RESTITUTION
  4. REHABILITATION
Responsibility
  1. RESPONSIBILITY (Continued from last 2 weeks) AND BUILDING CODES

With great risk, comes great responsibility. God honors the right of people to “own-their-own” property and the best governmental system is one that is via a government that allows private property rights.[4] We will now complete on our investigation of what God has in store for us regarding property rights.

The first known written building code was enacted by King Hammurabi in Babylon in 1758 B.C.:

“…the harsh penalties of the code established that people…building for others are accountable for the quality of their work…‘If a builder has built a house for a man and his work is not strong, and if the house he has built falls in and kills the householder, that builder shall be slain.’ ”[5]

“The Code of Hammurabi focused exclusively on criminal and civil laws and meted out harsh, and sometimes brutal, punishments…more in common with Draco than with Moses.”[6] [7]

Then, in approximately in 1146 B.C. God gave the law to Moses[8] which included, a much more forgiving Building Code matching the severity of the crime with its associated punishment:

Deuteronomy 22:8 (NIV) When you build a new house, make a parapet [railing] around your roof so that you may not bring the guilt of bloodshed on your house if someone falls from the roof.

This building code and other codes in the Bible were designed to keep people safe. If you disobeyed or ignored the code about building a railing around your roof, and a child or adult fell off, you were held responsible.

Building and Engineering Codes are important part of keeping society safe, although sometimes they do go overboard. On the other hand, you can see what happens when ‘Ambition outstrips reason’ in this footnote.[9]

Not only did God give responsivity to the house the Jewish people owned, but also to the land they owned. If you dug a hole on your property and did not cover (or put a fence around it), you were responsible for any harm caused.

Exodus 21:33-34 (NIV) 33 If anyone uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the one who opened the pit must pay the owner for the loss and take the dead animal in exchange.

If it was your fault someone’s animal died, you needed to pay the owner for their loss and all you got in exchange was a dead animal. This is an example of a fair exchange.

God also provided laws protecting people from the animals (or equipment by today’s standards)  people owned. For example, is  a bull killed someone, God said the animal must be killed and its meat is not to be eaten. The owner is not to be held responsible.

Exodus 21:28 (NIV) If a bull gores a man or woman to death, the bull is to be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible.

This is equivalent to you lending your vehicle to someone and they get into a crash and die. This actually happened to a family member. This makes sense that this would not be your fault in the case of a bull or a car.  If the owner of the bull knows it has been in the habit of attacking people, then it became the owner’s fault.

Exodus 21:29 If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or woman, the bull is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death.

Likewise, if you lent you car to someone and you knew it did not have working brakes, anything that happens to them would be your fault

Exodus 21:30 However, if payment is demanded, the owner may redeem his life by the payment of whatever is demanded. 31 This law also applies if the bull gores a son or daughter.

This is an interesting example that does not exist in today’s laws. This allows a victim’s family to show mercy. If someone had an animal, or by modern comparison, a car, or a piece of equipment like a crane; and knew it had problems before it was lent or rented out, and a death occurred because of the known problem, the owner would be put to death by the Old Testament law. But if the victim’s family wanted to show mercy to the property owner, his life could be spared by them demanding payment instead of death. This opened the door for family of the victim of the accident to show forgiveness. In this way, you could say the owner would be thankful and would be much more careful the next time to take proper care of his property before lending it out.

Today, what would happen is that the victim’s family would have to pay to hire a lawyer to prove that the owner knew of the defect in advance, and this could very well take years. One of the very strong weaknesses of our American system of law, it  does not provide for Restitution.

Here is an example of the third aspect of Jewish law we will delve into in Part 4, Restitution:

Exodus 22:1 (NIV) “Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

Read next week’s article that deals with Restitution from the Bible’s perspective.

Links to Other UnderDog Report Blogs          X.com/UnderDogReportr (Twitter)

  1. Abortion & Immigration – Immigration Part 1
  2. Mass Immigration                            – Immigration Part 2                              
  3. Scariest Halloween Decoration EVER!
  4. Who Are “They” Really  – Immigration Part 3
  5. What’s Missing From Conservative Media?
  6. Should We Obey God or Man?                             – Obey God Part 1
  7. ¡Adios America! – Immigration Part 4
  8. Christmas Is Not The Day Of Vengeance 
  9. Weapon of Warfare                                                  – Obey God Part 2
  10. Freedom of Preach – Obey God Part 3
  11. Getting The Word Out – Obey God Part 4
  12. Epstein’s Victims – Sexual Abuse Part 1
  13. Epstein’s Victims – Sexual Abuse Part 2
  14. Epstein’s Victims – Sexual Abuse Part 3
  15. What Happened To Your Third Place? – Your 3rd Place Part 1
  16. What Happened To Your Third Place? – Your 3rd Place Part 2
  17. Super Bowl Color Commentary
  18. The Daytona 500 – The Great American Race
  19. Who Is Saving America?
  20. The UnderDog Interviews Joe Hoft
  21. Modern Law and the Bible – Law & Bible Part 1
  22. Modern Law and the Bible – Law & Bible Part 2                 

The Underdog Report produces content on current events from a Biblical perspective. This is done to provide a positive Godly point of view as an alternative to today’s “anti-Christian” Media, and to encourage  people to be followers of Christ. Gary Scarano is the UnderDog Report.

Follow us on Twitter:  x.com/UnderDogReportr

 

Gary Scarano is the author of the book “The Jesus Gospel” (JesusGospel.com). Not since the  New Testament of the Bible was written, has anyone combined the 4-Gospels ‘Word-For-Word’ into a continuous chronological timeline. Read the 4-Gospels, the record of Jesus Christ’s life, blended into a single COMPLETE story.

Gary also ran with the Olympic Torch in the Los Angeles Olympics and was a National Senior Product Manager for Verizon and was interviewed by Lou Dobbs on CNN and the NY Times for a product launch he led.

Gary teaches a Bible study every Thursday, 630PM NY Time on zoom. Join when you can.

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[1] https://joehoft.com/underdog-report-modern-law-and-the-bible-part-1-risk-responsibility-restitution-rehabilitation/

[2] https://joehoft.com/underdog-report-modern-law-and-the-bible-part-2-risk-responsibility-restitution-rehabilitation/

[3] https://ij.org/issues/private-property/civil-forfeiture/

[4] https://capmin.org/bible-teach-regards-property-rights/

[5] https://www.motherearthnews.com/sustainable-living/green-homes/building-codes-zmaz06djzraw/

[6] https://www.gotquestions.org/Moses-Hammurabi-code.html

[7] https://www.britannica.com/biography/Draco-Greek-lawgiver. “Draco (7th century BC) was an Athenian lawgiver whose harsh legal code punished both trivial and serious crimes in Athens with death—hence the continued use of the word ‘draconian’ to describe repressive legal measures…Death was prescribed for almost all criminal offenses.”

[8] https://biblehub.com/timeline/

[9] https://www.businessinsider.com/biggest-structural-failures-disasters-history-2019-11

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